Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Belt Progression and FAQ's

Brazilian Jiu Jitsu (BJJ), recognized for its rigorous belt ranking system, signifies a practitioner's evolution in expertise. Originating with just white and black belts, representing beginners and the knowledgeable, the belt system was officially established in 1967. Today, the Sport Jiu Jitsu International Federation (SJJIF) and the International Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Federation (IBJJF) maintain the standards for belt ranks.

Belts Progression:

  • White Belt: The starting point, focusing on escapes, defensive and basic offensive techniques.
  • Blue Belt: Acquired at 16, introducing a wide array of techniques.
  • Purple Belt: Denotes extensive knowledge and the exploration of personalized strategies.
  • Brown Belt: Requires a minimum age of 18 and a purple belt for 18 months, emphasizing strategy development.
  • Black Belt: The highest common belt, symbolizing expertise, but marking a continual learning journey.


  1. Q: When was the BJJ belt system created? A: The belt system was officially established in 1967.

  2. Q: What do white and black belts represent? A: White belts symbolize beginners, while black belts represent experts in the art.

  3. Q: What is the emphasis for white belt training? A: The training focuses on escapes, defensive techniques, and some basic offensive moves.

  4. Q: At what age can one receive a blue belt? A: The IBJJF requires practitioners to be at least 16 years old for a blue belt.

  5. Q: Is learning complete upon achieving a black belt? A: No, achieving a black belt signifies expertise, but learning in BJJ is a perpetual journey.

In BJJ, every belt marks a significant progression in learning, with practitioners and experts agreeing on the endless nature of the learning journey, reflecting a constant pursuit of knowledge and mastery.